New York: The Three 'I's of Poverty

This is a follow-up post to The Three ’I’s of Poverty in NYC, with the main difference being the inclusion of all of New York State rather than New York City alone. After the maps below, I’ve also included the tables to facilitate an understanding of the full rankings on each poverty measure.

The typical story about poverty focuses on what fraction of individuals are poor. Economists are interested in more than this, however, and the classical ways of measuring poverty are the:1

  • incidence of poverty (what proportion of the population is poor?)
  • intensity of poverty (how poor are the poor?), and
  • inequality of poverty (how unequal is the distribution of mild, moderate, and severe poverty?)

The interactive maps below detail the above poverty measures for all 145 of New York’s neighborhoods—technically, Public Use Microdata Areas containing at least 100,000 people.

Following up on previous posts about Brownsville, the ways it differs from the rest of NYC, and the ways the poor in Brownsville differ from the poor in the rest of NYC, I’ll highlight Brownsville / Ocean Hill in the interactive maps below.

The Incidence of Poverty

Among all the neighborhoods in New York, you can see that Brownsville / Ocean Hill has one of the highest rates of individual poverty, with a rank of 17 out of 145 where 1 represents the worst neighborhood on this poverty measure.

The Intensity of Poverty

Furthermore, the average poverty level among the poor in Brownsville / Ocean Hill is comparatively low, with a rank of 10 out of 145 where 1 represents the worst neighborhood on this poverty measure.